Communism (“scientific socialism”) is a political and economic system that became one of the most powerful forces in the world. It shaped much of history from the early 1900's to the 1990's. Some people have considered Communism the greatest threat to world peace. Others have looked on it as the world's greatest hope.
According to Communists, their long-range goal is a society that provides equality and economic security for all. Communists traditionally have called for government ownership rather than private ownership of land, factories, and other economic resources, called the means of production. They also have called for government planning of economic activity, and for strict rule by the Communist Party.
These ideas were developed mainly by Vladimir Lenin from the writings of Karl Marx. Lenin was a Russian revolutionary leader of the early 1900's, and Marx was a German social philosopher in the 1800's.
In its ideological essence, communism has fair prospects for equal distribution of prosperity amongst the entire community, but in the struggle to apply and enforce the doctrine of communism, we have seen some of the most diabolically wicked dictatorships arise amidst the national maelstrom. Leaders like Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong caused the deaths of millions of their own subjects with the totalitarian control they had over their nations. The ideals of communism have been spoiled by the belligerence of communist parties, who abuse the absolute power they extend upon their subjects in the name of upholding their communist doctrine. This corrupted abusive tyrannical control is what is most to blame for communism's disgraceful failure throughout the 20th century.
It is by God’s authority that “all men are created equal”. Therefore people aught to strive towards absolute equality, a Utopian democratic socialism, also known as Universalism, where not only all people have equal prosperity, but all people have the democratic rights to elect the governmental parties of their choosing to fulfill the mandates of the constitution. Universalism provides people equal rights and freedom to elect political representatives, who can provide for everyone’s basic needs, distribute wealth fairly, protect the environments and resources and bring necessary reforms in order to correct systematic failure and political stagnation.
Democracy, socialism and environmentalism are elements of true Universalism. Universalism would be considered a combination of democracy, socialism and environmentalism. Its fair constitution would provide the people with equal civil rights, a free democratic voice in the nation and equal access to the nation’s resources and it would seek to protect the environments from exploitation of resources, which destroys our ecosystems, desecrating biological diversity, leading to the extinction of many animal species.
Tyrannical communist dictatorships seek to fulfill their policies, manifesting the communist doctrine, by brutal means of genocide. Tyrants rise up to clutch power in an iron gauntlet of oppressive force, stifling dissent by obliterating opposition. The people within these belligerent nations experience no freedom, therefore have little true prosperity, for the greatest prosperity is the liberty of ones self, from persecution and poverty.
Bellow is an unofficial estimate of deaths caused by tyrannical communist regimes in the 20th Century, totaling roughly 94 million people.
- 20 million in the Soviet Union
- 65 million in the People's Republic of China
- 1 million in Vietnam
- 2 million in North Korea
- 2 million in Cambodia
- 1 million in the Communist states of Eastern Europe
- 150 thousand in Latin America
- 1.7 million in Africa
- 1.5 million in Afghanistan
This explicitly suggests that Communist regimes are responsible for a greater number of deaths than any other political ideal or movement, including Nazism. The statistics of victims includes executions, intentional destruction of population by starvation, and deaths resulting from deportations, physical confinement, or through forced labor.
These figures show the absolute failure of communist dictatorships, but does it mean that the founding principles of communism are evil?
I would believe it not to be the theology of communism or socialism, but the process of manifesting the communist ideals in the world. Using extremism and terror to desecrate any fair opposition to communism, totalitarian regimes have slaughtered millions to uphold the communist creed, which is defiled by a denial of people’s most basic human rights. True socialism is developed fairly and patiently through democracy, using moderate non violent means to bring gradual change to a nation. It becomes a progressive goal to strive towards and a tenacious value to uphold through peaceful means, not a sudden explosion of violence and oppression.
Capitalism generally refers to an economic and social system in which the means of production are predominantly privately owned and operated, and in which investments, distribution, income, production and pricing of goods and services are determined through the operation of a market economy.
Unfortunately, private ownership of economic power creates an immense chasm between the rich and the poor. In the United States of America the wealthiest 10% of the population holds 69.8% of total wealth.
In contrast to global communism, capitalism creates extreme poverty all over the world for billions of people. The vast majority of wealth ends up in the hands of a small minority of ravenous gluttons, while poverty inflicts people all over the world in the name of upper class prosperity.
* Each year, more than 8 million people around the world die because they are too poor to stay alive.
* Over 1 billion people—1 in 6 people around the world—live in extreme poverty, defined as living on less than $1 a day.
* Currently over one billion people lack access to a basic supply of clean water and 2.6 billion people do not have access to basic sanitation.
* Unsafe drinking water and poor sanitation play a major role in the transmission of diseases including Malaria, Cholera, Diarrhoea, and Typhoid. More than 1.8 million children die each year, roughly one child every 15 seconds, from water and sanitation-related Diarrhoeal diseases.
* More than 800 million go hungry each day.
If you add up all the pain, suffering and death that manifests in the world as a result of global capitalism, I think you would find substantial evidence that suggests the destructive plight of poverty caused by the ravenous prosperity of capitalist nations surpasses the destruction caused by communist regimes.
So amidst all the bickering about the fundamental principles of manifestations of communism VS manifestations of capitalism, I have come to understand, both free capitalism and totalitarian communism are evil. In the 20th century modern communist regimes became the greatest belligerent threat to peace on Earth and modern capitalist nations became the greatest plight on not only the third world, but our planet’s environments. Both have utterly failed and have caused ruin to our world and have disgraced our human civilization and the God who created us.